Periodontical treatments (Teeth cleaning – Gingivitis– Periodontal disease)
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum tissue. The most common form of gingivitis is in response to bacterial biofilms (also called plaque) adherent to tooth surfaces.When the plaque is not properly removed (through regular teeth brushing, use of dental floss and regular visits to the dentist), a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and bone that supports the tooth can occur. This is called periodontitis (inflammation around the tooth).
Periodontal disease forms just below the gum line and creates small pockets that separate the gums from the teeth.
Periodontal disease consists of two stages:
- Gingivitis (gum disease) – This is the initial stage, during which gums become red, swollen and bleed easily. During this stage, the disease is treatable and will usually be cured through regular brushing and use of dental floss
- Periodontal disease – When gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontal disease, which could destroy the gums and the teeth.
Regular dentist visits, usually every 6-months, can prevent the development of inflammation to the gums or the periodontal.